Testosterone is a hormone (steroid hormone) from the androgen group. It is majorly found in mammals where it is secreted in the ovaries of females and testes of males. Small amounts are however also secreted by the adrenal glands. It plays a key role in men; development of testes, prostate as well as the development of secondary sexual characteristics. In healthy development, testosterone also helps in prevention of osteoporosis.
Low testosterone, also referred to as hypogonadism, is a medical condition caused due to decreased levels of testosterone production. It is a condition that may occur in both males and females but it affects mostly men over the age of forty five. Hypogonadism can be caused by failure in signal transmission or communication between the testes and the brain. In the brain, the specific part that is concerned with testosterone production is the hypothalamus. Whenever the hypothalamus fails to signal the testes to manufacture testosterone, the level of this hormone will greatly reduce within the body. Low testosterone can be caused by injury or infection and can also be hereditary.
Signs and Symptoms of Low Testosterone
The hypogonadism condition manifests or presents itself in a number of varied ways. These include sexual dysfunction (low sex drive, erection problem), hair loss, mood change, lack of energy and gynecomastia. These are the major symptoms of low testosterone that we are going to look into deeply since they are the most common.
Sexual dysfunction, erectile dysfunction, low sex drive (low libido) are terms which can be interchangeably used to refer to a situation where the patient develops a drastically reduced sexual desire or has fewer and weaker erections. The interest in sex tends to fade away.
Hair loss is common among the patients suffering from low testosterone count. Whenever hypogonadism occurs at the puberty stage, poor development of pubic hair, facial and body hair in general is common. The patient will continue having a “baby face,” and no signs of adolescence will be seen. At adulthood, beard growth will reduce when the condition sets in.
This is also referred to as a mood swing, whereby rampant cases of mood fluctuations are evidenced. For example, one can be happy then all of a sudden, he becomes depressed or irritated with no concrete reason or cause. It is most common when the condition occurs in old age.
Lack of Energy
This is a case whereby the patient or the victim will constantly be in a state of feeling weak. He will tend to opt for staying idle rather than finding something to do. The productivity of the person even at the work place will greatly reduce.
Gynecomastia, also known as man boobs, is a case where a male develops big breasts like a female. It can either be caused by being overweight or having a hormonal imbalance. When estrogen and androgen levels lose balance, excess estrogen can cause gynecomastia to set in. Luckily, there are many natural methods on how to get rid of man boobs.